Publication Abstract




Proceedings of the Deep Mixing 2015 Conference, (DFI)

The Development and State of Practice of Cutter Soil Mixing in North America - The First 10 Years
Brian Wilson, Pacific Ground Engineering., Canada; Franz-Werner Gerressen, BAUER Maschinen GmbH, Germany

Cutter Soil Mixing, also known as CSM, was developed in Europe as an alternate method of Deep Mixing to the more traditional single and multiple auger techniques, and brought to market by Bauer Maschinen GmbH (Bauer), towards the end of 2003. Initial development of the technique had been completed in a joint venture between Bauer and Bachy Soletanche. In 2004 the concept was introduced to the North American market. Continued development of the method and demonstration of its versatility, both in terms of applications and applicable soil types has seen a steady growth in the number of designs incorporating the approach, and contractors offering the technique. This paper provides a brief overview of the variety and size of projects and applications where the method has been adopted, discusses some lessons learned with respect to equipment operation as well as the improvements that have been introduced to the equipment, and briefly reviews the current state of practice, as well as some of the associated on-going research and development.


 article #2117; publication #1013 (DM-2015)