Grouting and Ground Treatment: Proceedings of the Third International Conference, (ASCE)
New On-site Wet Milling Technology for the Preparation of Ultrafine Cement-based Grouts
Alex Naudts, Eric Landry
The use of ultrafine cement-based grout has been gaining importance for rock and soil grouting over the last few years. One of the more dramatic technical innovations in the grouting industry that has been sought is the ability to mill, on-site, a fine or ultrafine cement-based grout using regular cement, and locally available additives (fly-ash, pumice, slag, bentonite, clay, tailings, catalysts, sand). This paper presents the results of extensive research and testing program executed during the development of a mobile Particle Size Reduction Mill (PASREM). The search fort and inexpensive and effective milling machine for on-site production of ultrafine cement-based suspension grout has been ongoing since the early 1990ís. The application of on-site milling would solve the problems associated with the use of classic pre-prepared ultrafine cement. This includes the agglomeration of particles that often results in a grout with a higher average particle size than desired, reducing penetrability of the grout, and the high cost of ultrafine cement. On-site milling would also allow for the use of many locally available products and additives that could enhance the final grout and reduce the cost of producing the grout. PASREM is a mobile milling machine used to produce ultra fine cements from readily available Portland cements and additives. This process is preferably done by injecting a balanced cement-based suspension grout through the PASREM, immediately prior to grouting. This is further referred to as the wet milling process. The PASREM process can also be used to mill the aforementioned dry powders to microfine size, to produce a classic (bagged) microfine cement.
|article #1154; publication #62 (GRT-2003)|