Publication Abstract




Grouting and Ground Treatment: Proceedings of the Third International Conference, (ASCE)

The Toronto Transit Commission’s Subway Tunnel and Station Leak Remediation Grouting Program
L. Narduzzo

The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), one of the largest public transportation systems in North America has been plagued by leaking tunnels since the time they were constructed. The water infiltration problems were causing both delays and concerns for passenger safety as well as causing accelerated aging of the rail and rail fastening systems, deterioration and malfunction of electrical systems and their components, and decay of the structure itself. A professionally engineered state-of-the-art solution grouting program has brought the problem under control. The grouting program at the TTC, which was started in May 19979, is one of the largest continuous on-going leak remediation grouting projects using solution grouts in North America. The leakage remediation program originally focused on solving the tunnel leakage problems but has since expanded to include water infiltration problems in the stations. The success gained to date can be attributed to a combination of several key components: the assembly of an in-house team of grouting expertise – from design engineer to field technician and the selection and meticulous use of the most suitable sealing materials available in industry for this specific and extremely difficult application. The unique challenge of performing all the leak remediation grouting work within the nightly two hour maintenance window without impacting on customer service was successfully accomplished using a strategically implemented, engineered grouting procedure. Time limitations and difficult ground conditions proved to be the two most difficult obstacles facing the grouting engineer. The grouting design had to take into account the multiple phase, multiple stage grouting, operations that were anticipated and required to successfully shut off the leakage problems. The sealing material selected to be the most suitable for this demanding and challenging application was AVANTI International’s AV118 Duriflex; a low-viscosity aqueous solution of acrylic resins which, when properly catalyzed produces an impermeable and cohesive gel grout. Approaching five years from the time the grouting program was initiated, the program is on track in meeting its goals and objectives as originally set out in 1997. This paper aims to provide some helpful insight on how the specific sealing system engineered and designed to solve the TTC’s tunnel and station leakage problems has worked and continues to be the leak remediation solution of choice for this public transit authority.


 article #1189; publication #62 (GRT-2003)